Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense

Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense

Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense

Hello and welcome to our Portuguese Basic Tips (in English) called Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense

On today’s podcast, we’re going to speak about Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense. To be straight with you, this is not actually a “basic tip” in Portuguese.  However, we have already built a knowledge base on this topic so far so that it will be possible for you to understand everything what I say here. Besides that, you can listen to it over and over, till you feel comfortable with the subject.

Click on the following links to listen to our previous episodes about Portuguese subjunctive tense

Portuguese Basic Tips 48: Portuguese present subjunctive tense

Portuguese Basic Tips 49: Portuguese past subjunctive tense

Portuguese Basic Tips 50: Portuguese future subjunctive tense

We have compound verbal tenses in Portuguese when we mix two verbs, being that the first one is called “auxiliary verb” and the second one will be considered as the “main verb” in the sentence.

For instance:

  • Eu espero que você tenha estudado (I hope you have studied).

This is what we call compound subjunctive. In this case, “pretérito perfeito composto do subjuntivo em Português” – Past compound subjunctive tense in Portuguese.

Note we have two verbs: ter (to have, which is the auxiliary verb) and “estudar” (to study, the main verb. In Portuguese we call it particípio).

Particípio are verbs ending with “ado” and “ido” in its regular forms. For instance: estudado, escutado, vendido, sentido.

Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense

We use Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense to indicate an earlier action that has already been completed, that has already been finished.

The formula for using this kind of verb is to take the verb ter (to have) in the past, mixing with the particípio of the main verb.

Let’s see a few examples:

  • Eu espero que você tenha estudado (I hope you have studied) – Tenha (to have – in the past tense / Estudado – Particípio of the main verb).
  • Eu espero que você tenha entendido (I hope you have understood it). Tenha (to have – in the past tense / Entendido – Particípio of the main verb).

Finishing these explanations here, note that when we are conjugating those verbs using Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense, we just need modify the auxiliary verb, we just need to change the verb “ter”. The main verb stays “the same”, the main verb remains in the particípio form.

Let’s practice a little bit. Repeat with me

Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense – Estudar Verb (To study)

Estudar (To study) Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense
(Que) eu tenha Estudado
(Que) tu tenhas Estudado
(Que) ele tenha Estudado
(Que) nós tenhamos Estudado
(Que) vós tenhais Estudado
(Que) eles tenham Estudado

 

Sentir verb  – Portuguese past compound sunjunctive tense

Sentir (to feel) Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense
(Que) eu tenha Sentido
(Que) tu tenhas Sentido
(Que) ele tenha Sentido
(Que) nós tenhamos Sentido
(Que) vós tenhais Sentido
(Que) eles tenham Sentido

We also have some verbs that have an “irregular particípio”. That is, they don’t finish with “ado” or “ido”.  For instance, if you want to speak in Portuguese “I hope you have said that”, you should say “Eu espero que você tenha dito aquilo”.  Dizer verb in Portuguese has an irregular particípio form, but I do not want you to worry about it. For now, it’s important for you to focus on understanding how it all works.

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If you feel comfortable with it, try to visit this link in Portuguese to learn more about Portuguese compound verbs

That’s enough for today!

I hope you like it.

See you next time.

Thanks

Marcos Sales

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