Portuguese subjunctive: future compound of subjunctive tense in Portuguese
Hello there and welocome to our Portuguese Basic Tips number 53 (in English) called future compound of subjunctive tense in Portuguese
On today’s podcast, we are going to finish our subjunctive series by talking about the future compound of subjunctive tense. I believe we have already spoken enough about this topic and I suggest that even if you had listened to all those episodes, try to review this matter.
Listen to the first episode of this subjunctive series
This is our second episode about this topic
Click here and access our third episode about subjunctive
Here is the fourth episode of the subjunctive series
Click on the link and go to our fifth episode on subjunctive tense in Portuguese
While this is not necessarily a difficult to understand topic, we find on it many details that we need to consider if we want to master everything about it.
As always, I’ll give you a brief explanation about the theme followed by a few examples for you to practice a little bit.
We use future compound of subjunctive tense in Portuguese to indicate an action that takes place in the future, but this action will be finished before another action in the future.
How’s that? I’ll give you an example to simplify it:
- Quando eu tiver feito a lição, sairei para brincar ( this is something as “when I have the lesson made, I’ll go out to play”)
Here we can notice that the lesson is not finished yet, right? But we intend to do it in the future. After finishing the lesson we can go out and play, which is our second action in the future.
The conjunction “tiver feito” in the sentence represents our future compound of subjunctive in Portuguese.
This kind of sentence is made by using the verbs ter or haver (to have) in the infinitive future form and the main verb in “particípio” form.
If you have questions about those tenses, visit our previous episodes about this topic. I’ll put some links on this episode’s page, so you can find them properly.
Anyway, let’s take a few more phrases using future compound of subjunctive tense in Portuguese to practice a little bit.
- Se eu tiver achado as chaves, poderei sair. (If I have the keys found, I can go out)
In this example, the verb “tiver” is the verb “ter” in the infinitive future tense and the verb “achado” is the particípio form.
- Quando nós houvermos comido, ficaremos mais fortes. (When we have eaten, we will become stronger).
Look, in this case I have used the verb “haver” instead of using the verb “ter”. They are equivalent terms, as I said in the beginning of this explanation, but here in Brazil you’ll find the verb “ter” more often in the sentences.
To finish this episode, try to repeat with me both conjugations in order to practice your pronunciation in Brazilian Portuguese.
Future compound of subjunctive tense in Portuguese (Ter)
|Estudar (To study)||Future compound of subjunctive tense in Portuguese|
|(Se) eu tiver||Estudado|
|(Se) tu tiveres||Estudado|
|(Se ) ele tiver||Estudado|
|(Se) nós tivermos||Estudado|
|(Se) vós tiverdes||Estudado|
|(Se) eles tiverem||Estudado|
Future compound of subjunctive tense in Portuguese (haver)
|Sentir (to feel)||Portuguese past compound subjunctive tense|
|(Se) eu houver||Sentido|
|(Se) tu houveres||Sentido|
|(Se) ele houver||Sentido|
|(Se) nós houvermos||Sentido|
|(Se) vós houverdes||Sentido|
|(Se) eles houverem||Sentido|
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That’s enough for today!
I hope you like it.