Essential pronominal verbs in Portuguese

Essential pronominal verbs in Portuguese

Essential pronominal verbs in Portuguese

Hello and welcome to our Portuguese Basic Tips 57 (in English) about essential pronominal verbs in Portuguese

On today’s podcast, we are going to speak about essential pronominal verbs in Portuguese. Pronominal verbs are those that are conjugated with the aid of a pronoun.

How’s that? I’ll explain it. For instance:

  • Eu me arrependo de ter ficado aqui (I regret I stayed here)

In this case, we are using the verb “arrepender” (to regret) accompanied by the pronoun “me”. Listen to the sentence again: Eu me arrependo de ter ficado aqui. You couldn’t say something as “eu arrependo de ter ficado”. It would be grammatically wrong.

In this case, in Portuguese, we necessarily need to use what we call “partícula ‘se’”. In other words, we have to use the verb “arrepender” alongside of a pronoun.

Click on the link to visit our previous episode about phatic function in Portuguese

Today we are going to study verbos pronominais essenciais (the essential pronominal verbs in Portuguese). I mean, we are going to study the verbs that always come accompanied by a pronoun. Next episode, we are going to speak about “verbos pronominais acidentais” – the accidental pronominal verbs. They are different. They are verbs that sometimes we need to use them with pronouns and sometimes we don’t! But let’s focus on today’s subject.

If you’re a Spanish speaker or a Spanish student, you won’t find it difficult to understand. In Portuguese, we have few verbs with these peculiarities. So, I will pick the three main essential pronominal verbs in Portuguese up and we’ll conjugate them, all right? Could you give me a hand with it?

Arrepender-se

Arrepender-se

(Present tense)

Essential Pronominal verbs in Portuguese
Eu me arrependo I regret
Tu te arrependes You regret
Ele se arrepende He / She regrets
Nós nos arrependemos We regret
Vós vos arrependeis You regret
Eles se arrependem They regret

Forgive me for redundancy, but this concept of the pronoun should be clear to you: have you noticed that we use pronouns in all situations?

We don’t say “ela arrepende”, but “ela se arrepende”. The first situation doesn’t exist in Portuguese, when using this verb.

Another thing that should be clear to you is that this concept works with all verbal tenses. For instance, in the future tense, you should say “ela vai se arrepender” or “ela se arrependerá”; in the past tense we say “ela se arrependeu” and so forth.

 

Queixar-se verb – Essential pronominal verbs in Portuguese

Let’s try to conjugate the verb “queixar-se” (to complain) in the future tense, in order to clear it up. Repeat with me:

Queixar-se

(Future tense)

Essential Pronominal verbs in Portuguese
Eu me queixarei I will complain
Tu te queixarás You will complain
Ele se queixará He / She will complain
Nós nos queixaremos We will complain
Vós vos queixareis You will complain
Eles se queixarão They will complain

 

Suicidar-se

I know this is a very bad verb to learn. Sorry for that. However, this is an iconic verb to understand pronominal verbs in Portuguese. See, you don’t “suicide another person”. You can’t do that! That’s why you need to use pronouns beside the verb.

Let’s try to conjugate this verb in the past tense, but don’t repeat it too much. You just need to understand the idea  here.

Suicidar-se

(Past tense)

Essential Pronominal verbs in Portuguese
Eu me suicidei I committed suicide
Tu te suicidaste You committed suicide
Ele se suicidou He/She committed suicide
Nós nos suicidamos We committed suicide
Vós vos suicidastes You committed suicide
Eles se suicidaram They committed suicide

That’s enough for today!

Become a Premium Member to download our full transcripts

Click on the link and learn more pronominal verbs in portuguese (Portuguese only)

I hope you like it.

See you next time.

Thanks!

Marcos Sales

You may also like...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *